Sunday, 10 August 2014

There have been conflicts in the middle east for centuries, and the 19th century is no exception – in fact, some might say it has seen the worst conflicts of all. This is a list of the various attempts made in the 20th century to bring peace to the region.


10 Attempts At Arab-Israeli Peace

There have been conflicts in the middle east for centuries, and the 19th century is no exception – in fact, some might say it has seen the worst conflicts of all. This is a list of the various attempts made in the 20th century to bring peace to the region.
Faisal-Weizmann Agreement
Weizmann And Feisal 1918
The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement was signed on January 3, 1919, by Emir Faisal (son of the King of Hejaz) and Chaim Weizmann (later President of the World Zionist Organization) as part of the Paris Peace Conference, settling disputes stemming from World War I. It was a short-lived agreement for Arab-Jewish cooperation on the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine and an Arab nation in a large part of the Middle East.
Armistice Agreements
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The Armistice Agreements are a set of agreements signed between Israel and its neighbors Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, and Syria. The agreements ended the official hostilities of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, and established armistice lines between Israel and the West Bank, also known as the Green Line, until the 1967 Six-Day War.
Camp David Accords
The Camp David Accords were signed by Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on September 17, 1978, following twelve days of secret negotiations at Camp David. The two agreements were signed at the White House, and were witnessed by United States President Jimmy Carter. The Accords led directly to the 1979 Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty.
Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty
The Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty was signed in Washington, DC, United States, on March 26, 1979, following the Camp David Accords (1978). The main features of the treaty were the mutual recognition of each country by the other, the cessation of the state of war that had existed since the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, and the complete withdrawal by Israel of its armed forces and civilians from the rest of the Sinai Peninsula which Israel had captured during the 1967 Six-Day War. The agreement also provided for the free passage of Israeli ships through the Suez Canal and recognition of the Strait of Tiran and the Gulf of Aqaba as international waterways.
Madrid Conference
The Madrid Conference was hosted by the government of Spain and co-sponsored by the USA and the USSR. It convened on October 30, 1991 and lasted for three days. It was an early attempt by the international community to start a peace process through negotiations involving Israel and the Arab countries including Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and the Palestinians. In the aftermath of the 1991 Gulf War, US President George H.W. Bush and his Secretary of State James Baker formulated the framework of objectives, and together with the Soviet Union extended a letter of invitation, dated October 30, 1991 to Israel, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and the Palestinians.
Oslo Accords
The Oslo Accords, officially called the Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements or Declaration of Principles (DOP) was a milestone in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. It was the first direct, face-to-face agreement between Israel and political representatives of Palestinians. It was the first time that some Palestinian factions publicly acknowledged Israel’s right to exist. It was intended to be a framework for the future relations between Israel and the anticipated State of Palestine, when all outstanding final status issues between the two states would be addressed and resolved in one Package Agreement.
Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace
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The Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace (full name: Treaty of Peace Between the State of Israel and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan), is a peace treaty signed in 1994. The treaty normalized relations between the two countries and resolved territorial disputes between them. The conflict between them had cost roughly 18.3 billion dollars. Its signing is also closely linked with the efforts to create peace between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization representing the Palestinian Authority. It was signed at the southern border crossing of Arabah on October 26, 1994, and made Jordan only the second Arab country (after Egypt) to normalize relations with Israel.
Camp David Summit
The Middle East Peace Summit at Camp David of July 2000 took place between United States President Bill Clinton, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, and Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser Arafat. It was an ultimately unsuccessful attempt to negotiate a “final status settlement” to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Beirut summit
The Beirut summit took place in March 2002, and held to present plans to defuse the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Jordan’s foreign minister said, “The Arab initiative put forth at the Beirut Summit in March offers comprehensive peace in the region based on the internationally recognized formulation of ‘land for peace’ — a return to 4 June 1967, borders in exchange for normal relations and a collective peace treaty.”
Road map for peace
The “road map” for peace is a plan to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict proposed by a “quartet” of international entities: the United States, the European Union, Russia, and the United Nations. The principles of the plan were first outlined by U.S. President George W. Bush in a speech on June 24, 2002, in which he called for an independent Palestinian state living side by side with Israel in peace: “The Roadmap represents a starting point toward achieving the vision of two states, a secure State of Israel and a viable, peaceful, democratic Palestine. It is the framework for progress towards lasting peace and security in the Middle East…”

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    The existence of the Zionist entity in the heart of the Arab-Muslim is in itself a strange
    Because the Zionist entity is not shared with the Arab world, anything that characteristics such as religion, customs
    Traditions and language. The existence of Israel within the Arab world is a big mistake, and constant tension
    In the Middle East also note since 1948. Such as the entry of foreign objects inside the human body begins
    Body fever, tension and fatigue and to ensure even go out foreign objects.
    To all Arab and Islamic countries to form the Ministry of Defence and one common to all States and the expulsion of the Jews
    From the Middle East. This is the best choice for Arabs and Jews in that one because he Bjrdasiraiil within the Arab world
    Will feel the Arab world would not be true of the world would not be true of the Jewish people will never feel the stability and comfort, but if
    Came out of Palestine, all Palestine greetings to all
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      In my opinion, this is what should be done.
      The Jewish settlements in the West Bank must be removed, they do absolutely nothing but cause more violence. Hamas needs to either be reinstated or just abolished all together, they're a band of thugs. The checkpoints shouldn't be removed, they exist in every country, but the IDF's brute force against the West Bank must end, its wrong.
      The entire West Bank should become the Nation of Palestine and should be recognized as such, Israel should with drawl, the Gaza Strip should once again come under Egyptian control and all the Palestinians living there should receive citizenship and immigrate to the West Bank. Jerusalem should once again come under international control.
      Its really not that complicated. The Israelis can't just pick up their bags and leave, because now there are several generations of Israelis, its there home too. But, the Palestinians should not be restricted to refugee camps and be victims of occupation, they are long over due for their own country. Your home is where you live, where you were born. NOT where your great-grandparents lived, or where your ancestors lived. The whole idea of "it belongs to the Jews" or "It was once Palestinians land, the Israelis took it" is completely irreverent, it won't solve any problems at this point.
      From a Jew.
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        Even after all these peace agreements, Israel keeps building settlements on Palestinian territories. They are backed by the USA who presume that they are the peace keepers while they along with Israel are assaulting on the middle east countries and backing up Israel for their settlement. Who have ever heard of the UN inspecting Israel for Nuclear or weapon of mass destruction? who supply them with the arms? They will not rest until they demolish all the sacred mosques and make Alquds their capital.
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            Sady the Arab's and Israelis will never ever have peace. They will never agree. Nuking the whole area is the most realistic way to achieve peace. So prepare for at least another 5,000 years of bickering
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                Israel adhering to International Law and giving Palestinians back their land while creating a secular all-inclusive state (since Jewish only is both racist and bigoted, making them an apartheid government), perhaps even becoming one nation with Palestine, will fix the issues there.
                Seeing as Israel has been the one who broke nearly all, if not all, the above peace accords.
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                  rushfan, (81),
                  Whatever the basis of your father's position, to be throwing inflamatory phrases such as 'war crimes' around one-sidedly in so complex a situation, strikes me as a totally non-objective *agenda*. By complex, I would include, for example nations opposed to Israel which are under no threat or risk whatever themselves, yet which are ideologically devoted to elimiating Israel and all its citizens from the map, no holds barred. Among those same nations is at least one which has also officially denied that the Holocaust existed.
                  I wonder if your father may have some deep psychological resentment against his Jewish blood for where he feels it leaves him in the evaluation of others? I find it very disturbing here in South America how many people (inevitably mainly women) feel such a sense of inferiority and shame, that they wish to try to conceal their lovely dark Latin or indian natural looks by dying their shining raven hair like bleached straw. If they could dye their eyes pale blue, and manipulate their complexions to look like Michael Jackson's, they'd do that too. My generation is still still close enough to the history to recall with horror Hitler proclaiming those as the physical characteristics which characterized his declared master race; *dark* nations being categorized as Untermenschen, fit only for slavery, or in the case of Jewish peoples and some others, extermination.
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                      This area has been in a constant state of flux since the dawn of time. Transport all the people out, and blow it off the earth. Problem solved.
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                          No. 2 isn&#039t Beirut summit, it&#039s a meeting of the Palestinian government headed by Hamas.
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                              When Emir Faisal fought with the allies during WWI some people thought he was betraying Islam by fighting with the Christian, but he and T. E. Lawrence both hoped to create an independent Arab nation. The British supported this goal in order to secure an alliance against the Ottoman empire. But after the Russian revolution the Bolsheviks released a secret agreement revealing that the British and French had already begun dividing up influence in the region. As the war came to an end and the Ottoman empire fell Emir Faisal met with Chaim Weizmann, hoping that the Zionist movement would help gain support for his goal of an independent nation, When the two signed the Faisal-Weizmann Agreement Faisal did so with the understanding that the agreement depended on the British keeping their promises to the Arabs. Unfortunately the French and British took the opportunity offered by the fall of the Ottomans to divide the Middle East between them, with no input concerning the people living there. When the British established a Jewish national home (one again with no input from the people already living there) there were riots in Palestine. Whatever possibility of peace had existed, it was gone.
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                                  Совсем недавно попал на Ваш блог, теперь каждое утро захожу посмотреть, не написали ли чего новенького. :) К сожалению только Вы не каждый день Ваш сайт обновляете :(
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                                      Thank you Rushfan for a well written and informative list. I never knew my biological father either but I know that he was German-American and that I still have relatives in Munich(whom I have met and got to know) but my mother was the daughter of Polish Jews. I can't help but think that one side of my family was killing the other side of my family 60 odd years ago.
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                                          ive noticed that Bill Clinton is in 4 of them :S
                                          Seems like he brought peace to arab-israeli nations!
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                                              It seems like the only way for that area to solve their problems is to duke it out til there is only one left standing.
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                                                  segue - no apology needed, and no offense taken. I am happy to have helped clear it up. should you have any further questions feel free to contact me, you can get my email address from jf.
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                                                      84. oose85, sorry for the error. I was going on information given me by a good friend, a Jew, who apparently knew less than I thought he did. Or than he did.
                                                      Oh, anyway, thank you for clearing it up.
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                                                          rushfan - you can read about him here:
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                                                              His brother is world famous. Enjoy your search.
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                                                                  Wow, sounds pretty impressive. I'll have to look him up. :)
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                                                                      Aaron the High Priest. I am of direct decent, father to son.
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                                                                          oose85 ~ Where? I checked & I don't see anything...
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                                                                              no relation. although I did mention one of my relations in a previous post in this conversation.
                                                                              Just an interesting tidbit about me.
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                                                                                  oose85 ~ No, not at all. Actually, I had thought maybe we were related or something since I disclosed I was related to David Marcus in a comment above. :)
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                                                                                      Rushfan - Thank you for the info. I am sorry if I inadvertently led you down an unpleasant memory lane.
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                                                                                          That is also why when a jewish person who was practicing another faith wants to come back they do not have to go through a conversion process - they NEVER truly left the religion.
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                                                                                              Segue - Being a Jew IS religious, being a semite is ethnic. To be a Jew is to be born to a Jewish mother, regardless of her religious affiliation - because we believe that even a non practicing jew is NOT lost to the religion. We look at the religion as more of a way of life, a path so to speak, where even if one goes off the path they can easily reenter the path at a later point.Therefore, we view a Jew as always Jewish, even when practicing another faith.
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                                                                                                  Anon ~ Unfortunately (or fortunately possibly) I don't know him nearly well enough to know his motivations, and I have no plans to approach the subject for further deeper discussion. But life is long and who knows, maybe I'll gain some insight into his mind in the years to come. Maybe we'll even meet face to face some day.
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                                                                                                      massoluk ~ Dude. It's in chronological order. None of them have been successful, silly, except the ones noted in comment 13.
                                                                                                      critique ~ Thanks. It is entirely possible that you are correct. I am going over our heated discussion in my mind again, and it seems most of his arguement was based on the "right of return" and refugee issues, as well as what he perceives as war crimes. I was so shocked to hear views so different from mine and from someone I knew came from a Jewish family that I was quite taken aback. Thanks for your thoughtful input, it means a lot to me.
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                                                                                                          rushfan, is it not possible that your father may not be anti-semitic, but simply critical of Israel? While Israel and Judaism are inextricably linked, not all Jewish people are also Israelis, thus your father may have issues with what he perceives to be Israel's policies towards Palestinians, not Jewish people per se.
                                                                                                          Additionally, while you mentioned that your father's views were 'out of the mainstream', there exists a large body of impartial scholarly work that does not agree with the 'mainstream' explanation of the conflict.
                                                                                                          Having said all of that, well done on an excellent list!
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                                                                                                              I have to disagree with your choice of number 1.
                                                                                                              The road map is pretty vague and has yet to yield any result. How could it top Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty?
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                                                                                                                  Segue ~ You're telling me! As I've said, I've never met my biological father, and we only recently began phone contact and exchanging emails. So when we got into a political discussion, as I'm inclined to do, I was happy he interested, but then quickly shocked by his out of the mainstream views on Israel. I fear he's getting his info from nutjob websites or something. In the end we agreed to disagree, but I'm much more careful about what topics I bring up now. I stick mainly to how the baby's doing and stuff.
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                                                                                                                      rushfan, I am stunned by your father's attitude. I could easily understand him not being a practicing Jew, even following another religion, as being a Jew is ethnic, not religious, but to be viciously anti-semitic is just bizarre.
                                                                                                                      Yeah, I agree with you, you're better off without him.
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                                                                                                                          That's cool, oose85, thanks for the info. The funny thing about my family is that I have spoken to my father on the phone and he's actually anti-jew, which I found hard to understand. We actually got into a fight because he was spouting all this crazy shit about Isrealis committing warcrimes and I still don't quite understand a Jewish man being antisemetic. So maybe it's better if I don't get to know him too well. I guess he doesn't consider himself Jewish.
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                                                                                                                              The whole thing with the chromosome was that they dicovered a difference in the Y chromosome in people from the Levite tribe. they did studies and found that difference only in people claiming to be from Aaron the high priest, be they Sefardic or Ashkenazic (eastern (eg: Europe, America) or western (eg: Asia, Africa)
                                                                                                                              To date no other people have been found with the chromosom difference.
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                                                                                                                                  Okay, I looked it up, and according to the internet, "The strictest definition of a Jew is one whose mother was Jewish." I got it. :)
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                                                                                                                                      What do you mean Judaism goes maternally? It's not a chromosome.
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                                                                                                                                          So i figured that I would ask.
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                                                                                                                                              Was just curious, you had mentioned Jewish relatives and said that you were not Jewish and I know that there are many people that don't know that Judaism goes maternally.
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                                                                                                                                                  oose85 ~ no prob. why do you ask?
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                                                                                                                                                      Rushfan - Thank you
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                                                                                                                                                          I hope that the overwhelmingly thoughtful and positive responses so far to your careful historical profile are indicative that it may be throwing light into dark corners. Well done.
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                                                                                                                                                              oose85 ~ Sure, it's my dad's side, I've never met him. And I'm a her. :)
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                                                                                                                                                                  Would you mind if I asked whether the Jews in your family were from you mothers side?
                                                                                                                                                                  You don't have to answer.
                                                                                                                                                                  If you would like to answer in a more private arena Please ask JFrater for my email address.
                                                                                                                                                                  JFrater - If rushfan asks for my email address please give it to him.
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                                                                                                                                                                      Clouds, (60),
                                                                                                                                                                      Sorry, I've been off the air most of the day with toothache.
                                                                                                                                                                      As segue has said of herself elsewhere: by and large I choose my words with care.
                                                                                                                                                                      flak, n. (German deriv.)anti-aircraft fire (abbr. of Fliegerabwehrkanone).
                                                                                                                                                                      Hence the Falklands were also the Flaklands during the war.
                                                                                                                                                                      Also in more recent sense of receiving fierce critical verbal attack.
                                                                                                                                                                      As for: A lot of political flak was thrown at Maggie Thatcher for the Belgrano episode.
                                                                                                                                                                      You may take Fraudian either as word-play or an implicit view of the great man's psychoanalysis theories, as you will.
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                                                                                                                                                                          ...what *THE* people...
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                                                                                                                                                                              I sort of like Fraudian slips. They make sense. After all, what they people who are cheating are doing, are committing fraud against their spouses.
                                                                                                                                                                              So all hail fraudian slips!

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