Israeli–Palestinian peace process
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the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
"Sometime in the mid-1970s the term peace process began widely used to describe the American-led efforts to bring about a negotiated peace between Israel and its neighbors. The phrase stuck, and ever since it has been synonymous with the gradual, step-by-step approach to resolving one of the world’s most difficult conflicts. In the years since 1967 the emphasis in Washington has shifted from the spelling out of the ingredients of 'peace' to the 'process' of getting there. … Much of US constitutional theory focuses on how issues should be resolved – the process – rather than on substance – what should be done. … The United States has provided both a sense of direction and a mechanism. That, at its best, is what the peace process has been about. At worst, it has been little more than a slogan used to mask the marking of time.”
Views of the peace process
Palestinian views on the peace process
Israeli views on the peace process
US views on the peace process
American Jewish views on the peace process
Major current issues between the two sides
- Borders and division of the land;
- Strong emotions relating to the conflict on both sides;
- Palestinian concerns over Israeli settlements in the West Bank;
- Status of Jerusalem;
- Israeli security concerns over terrorism, safe borders, incitements, violence;
- Right of return of Palestinian refugees living in the Palestinian diaspora.
Attempts to make peace
The Rogers peace plan and the Sadat initiative (1970-1972)
Wye River Memorandum
Camp David 2000 Summit
Clinton's "Parameters" and the Taba talks
The "Road Map" for peace
Israeli–Palestinian talks in 2007 and 2009
2010 direct talks
Alternative peace proposals
Some difficulties with past peace processes
Joint economic effort and development
Arab–Israeli peace diplomacy and treaties
- Proposals for a Palestinian State
- Paris Peace Conference, 1919
- Faisal-Weizmann Agreement (1919)
- Peel Commission
- 1949 Armistice Agreements
- Allon Plan
- Rogers Plan
- Geneva Conference (1973)
- Camp David Accords (1978)
- Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty (1979)
- Madrid Conference of 1991
- Oslo Accords (1993)
- Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace (1994)
- Camp David 2000 Summit
- Projects working for peace among Israelis and Arabs
- List of Middle East peace proposals
- International law and the Arab-Israeli conflict
- 2012 return of bodies
- The Land of the Settlers
- Peace Now
- OneVoice Movement
- Tolerance Monument
- Arab League and the Arab-Israeli conflict
- Americans for Peace Now
- Seeds of Peace
- The Case for Peace
- PeaceMaker (computer game)
- Projects working for peace among Arabs and Israelis
- List of Middle East peace proposals
- The Environmental Provisions of Oslo II Accords
- Three factors made Israel’s territorial offer less forthcoming than it initially appeared. First, the 91 percent land offer was based on the Israeli definition of the West Bank, but this differs by approximately 5 percentage points from the Palestinian definition. Palestinians use a total area of 5,854 square kilometers. Israel, however, omits the area known as No Man’s Land (50 sq. km near Latrun), post-1967 East Jerusalem (71 sq. km), and the territorial waters of the Dead Sea (195 sq. km), which reduces the total to 5,538 sq. km. Thus, an Israeli offer of 91 percent (of 5,538 sq. km) of the West Bank translates into only 86 percent from the Palestinian perspective.
Jeremy Pressman, International Security, vol 28, no. 2, Fall 2003, "Visions in Collision: What Happened at Camp David and Taba?". On . See pp. 16-17
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- A Plan for Peace That Still Could Be.
- PA rejects Olmert's offer to withdraw from 93% of West Bank (Haaretz, August 12, 2008).
- Israel Agrees to Truce with Hamas on Gaza, The New York Times, 18 June 2008.
- Netanyahu's revolution, Haaretz, June 18, 2009
- Burns, Robert (2010-09-01). "Obama Opens Long-Shot Talks on Mideast Peace".ABC News. Associated Press.
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- Tessler, Mark A. "A History of the Israeli-Palestinian ...." Google Books. Originally published in 1994. 1 January 2011. p. 718. "Inhabitants of the occupied territories and other Palestinians had shown interest in a two-state solution since the mid-1970s, and the mainstream of the PLO had since the 1982 Arab summit."
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- Israel-Palestinian Negotiations, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- The Reut Institute
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- Palestinian-Israeli Relations, MyJewishLearning.com
- "Netanyahu's two-state mask has slipped" by Henry Siegman
- "The Arab-Israeli Peace Process Is Over. Enter the Era of Chaos" by Lee Smith
- "Netanyahu lowers expectations for Israeli-Palestinian peace" by Lahav Harkov
- A presentation of the Lubavitcher Rebbe's views on the Jewish people's connection with the Holy Land, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the so-called "Land for Peace" issue
- The Israel Project: Timeline of Israeli-Arab Peace Initiatives since 1977
- The History of the Peace Process in the Context of the 2013 John Kerry Peace Efforts Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Palestinian Territories August, 2013
- Beyond Intractability: A Free Knowledge Base on More Constructive Approaches to Destructive Conflict
- The Jerusalem Fund Resources