Tuesday, 17 February 2015



Also found in: MedicalLegalFinancialEncyclopediaWikipedia.


  (păr′ə-dīm′, -dĭm′)
1. One that serves as a pattern or model.
2. set or list of all the inflectional forms of a word or of one of its grammatical categories: the paradigm of an irregular verb.
3. set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them,especially in an intellectual discipline.

[Middle English, examplefrom Late Latin paradīgmafrom Greek paradeigmafrom paradeiknunaito compare : para-alongsideseedeiknunai in Indo-European roots.]
Usage Note: Paradigm first appeared in English in the 1400s, meaning "an example or pattern," and it still bears this meaning today:Their company is a paradigm of the small high-tech firms that have recently sprung up in this area. For nearly 400 years paradigm hasalso been applied to the patterns of inflections that are used to sort the verbs, nouns, and other parts of speech of a language intogroups that are more easily studied. Since the 1960s, paradigm has also been used in science to refer to a theoretical framework, asin new paradigm for understanding diabetes. This usage was acceptable to 91 percent of the Usage Panel in our 2009 survey.Applications of the term in other contexts show that it can sometimes be used more loosely to mean "the prevailing view of things."The Usage Panel also accepts these nonscientific extensions. In 2009, 74 percent accepted the sentence The paradigm governinginternational competition and competitiveness has shifted dramatically in the last three decades. This represents a dramatic increaseover the 48 percent that accepted the same sentence in 1993.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2011 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Grammar) grammar the set of all the inflected forms of a word or a systematic arrangement displaying these forms
2. pattern or model
3. typical or stereotypical example (esp in the phrase paradigm case)
4. (Philosophy) (in the philosophy of science) a very general conception of the nature of scientific endeavour within which a givenenquiry is undertaken
[C15: via French and Latin from Greek paradeigma pattern, from paradeiknunai to compare, from para-1 + deiknunai to show]
paradigmatic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003


 (ˈpær əˌdaɪm, -dɪm) 

1. set of all the inflected forms of a word based on a single stem or root, as boy, boy's, boys, boys'.
2. an example serving as a model; pattern: paradigm of virtue.
[1475–85; < Late Latin paradīgma < Greek parádeigma pattern; <paradeiknýnai to show side by side =para- para-1 + deiknýnai to show]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. a declension, conjugation, etc. that provides all the inflectional forms and serves as a model or example for all others.
2any model or example. — paradigmatic, paradigmatical, adj.
See also: Grammar
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.paradigm - systematic arrangement of all the inflected forms of a word
inflectioninflexion - a change in the form of a word (usually by adding a suffix) to indicate a change in its grammatical function
2.paradigm - a standard or typical exampleparadigm - a standard or typical example; "he is the prototype of good breeding"; "he provided America with an image of the good father"
examplemodel - a representative form or pattern; "I profited from his example"
concentrate - a concentrated example of something; "the concentrate of contemporary despair"
imago - (psychoanalysis) an idealized image of someone (usually a parent) formed in childhood
3.paradigm - the class of all items that can be substituted into the same position (or slot) in a grammatical sentence (are in paradigmatic relation with one another)
categoryclassfamily - a collection of things sharing a common attribute; "there are two classes of detergents"
4.paradigm - the generally accepted perspective of a particular discipline at a given time; "he framed the problem within the psychoanalytic paradigm"
perspectiveviewposition - a way of regarding situations or topics etc.; "consider what follows from the positivist view"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


noun modelexampleoriginalpatternidealnormprototypearchetypeexemplar He was the paradigm of the successful man.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


One that is worthy of imitation or duplication:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Spanish / Español
Select a language:


A. N → paradigma m
B. CPD paradigm shift N → cambio m de paradigma
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

No comments:

Post a Comment